Calling time on NDAs in discrimination cases

Published: 17 Oct 2019

Two years after the #MeToo campaign, the Equality and Human Rights Commission has launched new guidance for employers on the use of confidentiality agreements (often referred to as NDAs) in discrimination cases.

The guidance offers both employers and employees clarity on the law around confidentiality agreements and when and how they can be used.

It also sets out good practice on the use of NDAs in order to encourage greater transparency and improved understanding of different types of discrimination at work, so that systemic problems can be identified and tackled by employers and employees alike.

Rebecca Hilsenrath, Chief Executive of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, said:

'We’re calling time on NDAs, which have been used to cover up discrimination, harassment or victimisation.

'There are no more excuses. Everyone should have the power to speak out about harassment and victimisation. Nobody should be silenced.

'We all have the right to work in a safe environment and a healthy workplace needs employers to step up and make sure those who work for them have a voice. Our guidance will help make that happen.'

The guidance follows our 2018 report ‘Turning the tables: ending sexual harassment at work’, which explained that, while some confidentiality agreements do have legitimate uses, they are routinely and inappropriately used to cover up, and stop workers from speaking up about, harassment. In turn, preventing discussion of discrimination on a wider scale.

It outlines some important dos and don’ts:

  • don’t ever ask a worker to sign a confidentiality agreement as part of their employment contract which would prevent them from making discrimination claim against you in the future
  • don’t use a confidentiality agreement to prevent a worker from discussing a discriminatory incident that took place in their workplace unless, for example, the victim has requested confidentiality around their discriminatory experience
  • don’t ever use a confidentiality agreement to stop employees from whistleblowing, reporting criminal activity or disclosing other information as required by law
  • do always give your worker time to read and fully understand the terms of a confidentiality agreement
  • do always give your worker a copy of the confidentiality agreement
  • do make sure the confidentiality agreement spells out the details of exactly what information is confidential
  • do monitor the use of confidentiality agreements in your workplace

It also serves as timely reminder for employers to update any out of date policies, such as those on bullying and harassment.

We have issued the guidance using our powers to provide information and advice under section 13 of the Equality Act 2006.

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