Health and life expectancy
First, society should aim to eliminate the effect of socio-economic background on health and life expectancy
It is a significant challenge to:
Close the differences in health and life expectancy between the highest and the lowest socio-economic groups
Men and women in the highest socio-economic group can expect to live up to 7 years longer than those in the lower socio-economic groups (based on life expectancy at birth). This overall disparity is associated with a lifetime's experience of other disadvantages and health inequalities. Addressing these disparities would not only make a significant difference in individual's lives, it would reduce costs to the public purse in terms of lost productivity and calls on NHS services.
Close the infant mortality gap between ethnic groups
Infant mortality is a rare phenomenon, affecting a fraction of a per of children born each year. The sad fact is, though, that it affects people from some backgrounds more frequently than others: Pakistani and Black Caribbean babies are twice as likely to die in their first year than White British or Bangladeshi babies. A society committed to equality cannot be indifferent to such a disparity, and we consider it a significant challenge to understand its causes and to close it.
Last updated: 25 May 2016